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Nishan e Haider History, Manufacturing and Recipients

The Government of Pakistan established Nishan-e-Haider on 16 March 1957, in the year when Pakistan became a republic.

Nishan e Haider information, history and manufacturing
Nishan-e-Haider is Pakistan's highest military bravery/gallantry award. Nishan-e-Haider meaning in urdu language is "Mark of the Lion". Haider is also the epithet of Hazrat Ali.

The Nishan-e-Haider can only be awarded posthumously to members of the Pakistan Armed Forces for sacrificing their life in an act of extraordinary bravery in face of the enemy.

Some people think Nishan e Haider is equivalent to British Victoria Cross and the United States Medal of Honor, however, it has no equivalent since the Nishan-e-Haider is unique in that it can only be awarded posthumously.Its exclusivity can be gauged by the fact that, since Pakistan's independence in 1947, there have been only ten recipients.

History of Nishan e Haider:

The Government of Pakistan established Nishan-e-Haider on 16 March 1957, in the year when Pakistan became a republic. However, it was applied retrospectively from the date of Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947. The Nishan-e-Haider is Pakistan's highest award and takes precedence over all military and civil awards. Nine Nishan-e-Haider recipients were from Pakistan Army and One from Pakistan Air Force. Countries that require No Visa for Pakistani Passport Holders

The criterion of Nishan e Haider:

The Nishan-e-Haider can be awarded to all ranks of the Pakistan Armed Forces for sacrificing their lives in acts of extraordinary courage in face of the enemy. As a matter of practice and precedent, it has only been awarded in circumstances where it has been established that a member of the Pakistan Armed Forces acted with extraordinary bravery and courage in face of the enemy notwithstanding the realization of a high risk to his life and, consequentially, sacrificed his life in the act.

Manufacturing of Nishan e Haider:

The Nishan-e-Haider is manufactured by the Pakistan Mint on order of the Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan. It is forged from captured enemy equipment and consists of 88% copper, 10% tin and 2% zinc. Mohenjo Daro History, Discovery, and Civilization

Recipients of Nishan e Haider:

Only ten Nishan-e-Haider medals have been awarded since Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, Nine to members of the Pakistan Army and one to a member of the Pakistan Air Force.
On 14 March 1949, the Defence Council of Azad Jammu and Kashmir adorned Naik Saif Ali Janjua Shaheed with Hilal-e-Kashmir and on 30 November 1995, the Government of Pakistan initiated the gazette notification to declare his Hilal-e-Kashmir equivalent to Nishan-e-Haider.

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